Regional Institute for Architects and Designers
The institute for architects and designers of a New World
|WHAT DO THEY DO?
What do Architects do?
Architects are at the forefront of designing the built environment that will surround us in the 21st Century. As professional experts in the field of building design and construction, architects use their unique creative skills to advise individuals, property owners and developers, community groups, local authorities and commercial organisations on the design and construction of new buildings, the reuse of existing buildings and the spaces which surround them in our towns and cities.
Architects work closely with other members of the construction industry including engineers, builders, surveyors, local authority planners and building control officers. They will also spend time researching old records and drawings, and testing new ideas and construction techniques.
What do interior designers do?
Interior designers design and furnish the interior of private homes, public buildings, and commercial buildings such as offices or hotels. They may design the inside of boats, planes, or other enclosed spaces. They also plan additions or remodels to homes or other buildings. Some interior designers specialize in furnishing private homes. Some specialize in particular rooms of homes, such as kitchens or baths.
Interior designers draw sketches for the client. These include plans for interior remodeling, furnishings, lights, and finishing touches such as color. They meet again with the client to advise and get feedback. Interior designers ofen use Computer Aided Design (CAD). When the client accepts the design, interior designers create a detailed plan. Included in the plan is an estimate for costs and materials that will be needed. The plan may also include designs for furnishings.
1. What do landscape architects do?
Landscape architecture is the art, planning, design, management, preservation and rehabilitation of the land and the design of large-scale man-made constructs.
1.What do urban planners do?
The goal of city and regional planning is to further the welfare of people and their communities by creating convenient, equitable, healthful, efficient, and attractive environments for present and future generations. Planning is city building.
Planners plan within a highly collaborative process. Through this collaborative process they help to define the community's vision for itself. Working with local residents, politicians, and special groups, planners help establish the vision. Planners work with many types of communities ? small villages, large cities, suburban towns, even counties, states, and federal agencies. This vision is created not only from what the community members want, but based on an understanding of the problems and resources at hand. The planner provides this analysis and helps the community look at the options it has for development and change.
Through the analytical planning process, planners consider the physical, social and economic aspects of communities and examine the connections between them. Professionally trained planners also analyze the existing conditions and future trends in the area. They analyze issues such as transportation, land use, housing, recreation and open space, natural and cultural resources, community services, population, and economic development. In addition to generating their own data, planners draw upon the work of others to create a comprehensive overview of the community. Once planners have conducted their analysis, they develop strategic alternatives for solving problems in a coordinated and comprehensive manner. These alternatives will guide future development based on the established goals and the systematic analysis.
2.What do urban planners do?
The Plan consists of these alternatives presented in a formal document. Plans can take several shapes, from comprehensive plans to historic preservation plans. Plans are presented to community officials, who review, revise and adopt them for action. Plans are required at different levels of government. Once the plan is adopted, the planners job becomes the implementation of the plan, coordinating work among many groups. The tools of planning implementation include such things as land use controls and economic develop strategies.
Former APA President, Stuart Meck, FAICP summed it up: "Planning is the application of foresight to action."
The planning process typically involves the performance of a number of roles. Some planners function primarily as technical analysts or researchers, others as designers or program developers, others as agents of social change, and still others as managers or educators. Some planners will make a career in only one of these roles; most, however, will perform several of them at different stages of their lives. This article appears courtesy of The American Planning Association
2.What do landscape architects do?
Landscape architects work on all types of external space - large or small, urban or rural, and with hard/'soft' materials, hydrology and ecological issues. They work on:
3.What do landscape architects do?
The most valuable contribution is often made at the earliest stage of a project in generating ideas and bringing flair and creativity to the use of space. The Landscape architect can contribute to the overall concept and prepare an initial master plan, from which detailed designs can subsequently be prepared. He or she can also let and supervise contracts for construction work, prepare design impact assessments, conduct environmental assessments or audits and act as an expert witness at enquiries on land use. He or she can also support or prepare applications for capital or revenue funding grants.
4.What do landscape architects do?
Landscape scientists have specialist skills such as soil science, hydrology, geomorphology or botany that they relate to the practical problems of Landscape work. Their projects can range from site surveys to the ecological assessment of broad areas for planning or management purposes. They may also report on the impact of development or the importance of particular species in a given area.
This article appears courtesy of brainsip.com
Architecture, like dress, is an exercise in good manners, and good manners involve the habit of skillful insincerity?the habit of saying ?good morning? to those whose mornings you would rather blight, and of passing the butter to those you would rather starve.
Roger Scruton (1984)